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"Low TANF benefits, which disproportionately affect the benefits available to Black children, are rooted in historical racism. The amount of TANF benefits you receive each month mostly depends on the size of your family. A family of three, with no income, would receive a monthly TANF grant of $569. Note: There are two states that provide all TANF members the same amount of benefits, regardless of their income and amount of people in their household. The state’s two most populous counties, Philadelphia County and Allegheny County, have different benefits than what is listed. • TANF funds must be spent on needy families (as defined by the state). States receive block grants to design and operate programs that accomplish one of the purposes of the TANF program. Source: National Low Income Housing Coalition, “Out of Reach” reports for 1996 and 2020, http://nlihc.org/oor (the 1996 report is not available online).  Income support programs can improve children’s academic, health, and economic outcomes, the National Academies of Sciences’ report on reducing childhood poverty finds. Fair market rent = Department of Housing and Urban Development’s estimate of rent and utility costs for modest housing unit in local area. Connecticut has a 21-month cap on welfare benefits.. Arizona is the first state in the nation to limit lifetime welfare benefits to 12 months, making it the nation’s shortest such limit.As a result, Arizona family that has already used 12 months … Approximately 79 percent of TANF … TANF and TAONF provide monthly cash benefits to families for food, clothing, shelter, and other essentials.  CBPP analysis of the racial and ethnic composition of states based on 2019 U.S. Census data. It is a cash assistance program that helps eligible families with very low incomes become self-sufficient by encouraging job preparation, work and family stabilization. The politics underlying the initial design of AFDC (originally Aid to Dependent Children or ADC) set the course for racial disparities in its implementation over time. Under the supervision of the NJ Division of Family Development (DFD), the 21 county welfare agencies administer the TANF program. Purpose: This section contains information about cash assistance need and payment standards, eligibility standards based on income, and standards for ongoing additional requirements. Thirteen states plus the District of Columbia raised their monthly TANF benefit levels between July 1, 2019 and July 1, 2020.  (See Figure 1 and Appendix Table 2.) Monthly cash assistance benefits depend on household size and whether the recipients have an obligation to pay shelter costs such as mortgage and property taxes or rent. The median AFDC benefit in July 1970 lifted a family of three above 70 percent of the poverty line, twice what it did in July 1996. Note: TANF = Temporary Assistance for Needy Families. Source: Calculated from figures in Appendix Table 1, adjusted for inflation using the Consumer Price Index (CPI-R-US). Our free guide will help you understand the steps you have to take and how to obtain the benefits you are looking for. Note: TANF= Temporary Assistance for Needy Families. A detailed description of the TANF Program is available in the New Jersey State Plan for Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF) FFY 2018-20 - (pdf) New Jersey is one of only a few states that also provides cash benefits and support services to individuals and couples with no dependent children, through our General Assistance (GA) program. TANF does a poor job of providing assistance to Latino and especially Black children, whose parents and the communities in which they live are more likely to feel the devastating effects of COVID-19 and the resulting economic crisis. Winifred Bell, Aid to Dependent Children, Columbia University Press, 1965, p. 224. (Once on TANF, families can earn more, and continue to qualify for benefits). You must have minor children or be taking care of minor children you are related to in order to qualify. TANF State Plan 2021 – 2023 15, 2020, https://developingchild.harvard.edu/resources/connecting-the-brain-to-the-rest-of-the-body-early-childhood-development-and-lifelong-health-are-deeply-intertwined/. One guideline applies to most of the country, but Alaska and Hawaii have their own. The Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF) program provides temporary financial assistance for pregnant women and families with one or more dependent children. Your family must have $5,000 or less in resources. 156-194; Jill Quadagno, “The Repression of Rights,” The Color of Welfare: How Racism Undermined the War on Poverty, Oxford University Press, 1994, pp. Given the history of cash assistance programs in this country and what the science tells us about child development, states and federal policymakers need to improve the adequacy of TANF benefit levels. In particular, TANF families often find themselves in poor housing conditions with few resources to pay for even a modest apartment.  Jocelyn Frye, “On the Frontlines at Work and at Home: The Disproportionate Economic Effects of the Coronavirus Pandemic on Women of Color,” Center for American Progress, April 23, 2020, https://www.americanprogress.org/issues/women/reports/2020/04/23/483846/frontlines-work-home/; Chad Stone, “Robust Unemployment Insurance, Other Relief Needed to Mitigate Racial and Ethnic Unemployment Disparities,” CBPP, August 5, 2020, https://www.cbpp.org/research/economy/robust-unemployment-insurance-other-relief-needed-to-mitigate-racial-and-ethnic. They also should implement mechanisms to increase benefits annually to ensure benefits don’t lose value over time. The program helps families become self-supporting while allowing children to remain in their own homes.  In every state, the monthly TANF benefit for a family of three is well below the estimated cost of a modest two-bedroom apartment and utilities, based on the Department of Housing and Urban Development’s (HUD) fair market rents. 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